Labor History in Central Illinois

Some of the carvings seem to indicate a union presence for the old coal mines in Rocky Glen.

The entrance to this old coal mine is still intact and is about 30 feet deep.

Along the hike to Rocky Glen, you will discover an old coal mine entrance on the south side of the creek.  There is also evidence of a road that trucks would have used to move the coal deliver the coal out of the area.  Bill Knight’s novel, Horseshoe Bottoms, discusses coal mining and Rocky Glen.  One of the possible locations of the mines in its story line is likely the Blue Fly mine, located just to the north of the Pottstown bridge over Kickapoo Creek, near the Peoria Disposal Company hazardous waste landfill on the other side of the stream. It operated from 1896 – 1903. There are 21 former mines in this area between Pottstown and Bartonville along Kickapoo Creek Road. The oldest mine began in 1881, the last one closed in 1957. In the book the original mine owner was named Old Bill Wantling. According to the Directory of Coal Mines in Illinois for Peoria County, May 2000, (published by the Illinois Geological Survey), the company name of Wantling is listed on 7 separate mine locations in Peoria County. The same directory lists over 650 former mine locations in Peoria County. The cemetery mentioned in the story is probably Pottstown Cemetery, located on a hill immediately to the south of PDC and across the Creek from the Blue Fly Mine. When you stand there looking at the graves, you can’t help wonder which of these people might have known about Rocky Glen and if any of them were there when the large carvings were made on the canyon walls.

The mine entrance seen on the hike into Rocky Glen is part of a larger system of mines in the area call the Crescent City Mine.

Evidence of part of a structure from the coal mining operation

Mike Miller from the Peoria Park District has done some research on the mine entrance we have all seen walking into the Glen.  His research on the Illinois Geological Survey website may be the main entrance to over 50 miles of tunnel, now probably all collapsed. These tunnels traveled several miles horizontally underground to the west, north and northwest of the mine entrance. They included extensive rooms and chambers, probably all less than five feet tall, usually in rooms less than five feet wide. A second tunnel once existed along the other creek near Rocky Glen, the one on PPD property, with an air shaft located along Farmington Road on private property that is now part of the Babu Condo development complex.

Here are some thoughts from Dave Pittman, the president of the Friends of Rocky Glen.  “Consider for a moment the what these miner’s endured in such tough working conditions. They worked before dawn until after dark, 6 days a week. Their poverty was far worse than anything I have ever known, and I grew up in a poor rural area in western Colorado where money was very hard to come by. I think part of my own motivation for this natural area purchase is to create some recognition of  this sacrifice made by people now nearly forgotten. The carved pictures and initials in the rock are something greater than unique art. For people who had nothing, the notion of a union was the notion of hope for a better future for their children. Coal is a powerful source of energy but the price we have paid is very very great. Even as I devote so many hours of my life to the day we no longer pollute the world with coal, I hope we can celebrate the coal miners and their devotion to their own dream, just like mine, of a better future for their children.”

15 comments on “Labor History in Central Illinois

  1. Very Interesting. My grandfather, an immigrant from Scotland settled in Rockey Glen in the late 1800’s and established a coal mine. He later had a mine on Star Lane Rd in Bellevue. Know very little about my family or their mining history. Jerry Ennis

    • Jerry Ennis, what was your grandfather’s name? My great grandfather was Peter Ennis, changed to Peter Innes. His father was James Ennis (born Innes) from Scotland.
      I am interested in your documentation regarding the Bellevue mine. My mother lives in the Ennis/Innes homestead on Plank Rd.

    • Hi Jerry. What was your grandfather’s name? My grandfather, Patrick Ennis, mined coal near Rocky Glen. His brother, Peter Ennis, was killed in an explosion in a mine he owned in 1901.

      • I am the great granddaughter of Peter Innes. Not the one killed in the mine. My Peter was born Ennis, but changed the spelling back to the spelling his father, James was born with in Scotland.
        I haven’t been able to figure out who this Peter Ennis is. I have an article about his death. Is your Patrick the son of James and Ellen Marie (McGuire) Ennis?
        My mother still lives in their homestead on Plank Rd. It is about 130 years old.
        I would love to share/swap info and photos. I am missing some information collected by Ron Ennis, not to be confused with my father, Ron Innes.
        My email address is

  2. Is there anything left of the mines around the Bowen building? Maps place a wolschlag mine co. Shaft in the woods across the street. Shoot me an email.

    • I am doing research on Bowen – I worked there when Carl Reardon was owner. Can you tell me exactly what map you were looking at?

  3. Lila
    July 2014
    does anyone know the entrance to the Crescent coal mine #1 back in 1942 is located ? we have the map showing this but not sure where it was . thanks it borders Lake Lancelot

  4. Found the entrance to my grandfathers mine at the end of Starr Lane off 116 across from where his home was at Eisele Road and 116. Not sure of the name of the mine, but maybe Ennis Martin Mine. Martin was a partner I think. He would have mined at the turn of the century. One of the houses on Starr lane was where the miners lived. He provided coal into Peoria. Jerry Ennis

  5. My Grandfather Henry Krempp, my Great Grandfather Pete Krempp, & Uncle Pete Krempp worked for the Crescent & Star Coal Mines.

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